All aeronautical companies are constantly working to develop faster, cheaper, safer, and above all ecological airplanes, but will these changes in aircraft design be that we will be able to see soon in the industry?
Redesign of the wings: One of the main changes proposed in current aerodynamics is the new design of the aircraft wings, which will reduce fuel consumption to make aircraft more respectful of the environment.
The main pioneers in this proposal are the Lockheed Martin engineers with its “Box Wind” concept. But the renowned Boeing is not far behind and presented its project called “Flying Wings” which makes its X-48 drone the most effective in terms of aerodynamics and weight distribution.
Hybrid Aircraft: With this type of aircraft, airlines will be able to save up to 70% of fuel through the use of batteries, in this way while the plane is on the ground it will not only be able to refuel but also recharge the batteries and will work using only fuel for the takeoff and once you reach the necessary height you can switch to your electrical system. This project is known as SUGAR (Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research), it is developed by Boeing and it is expected that by 2030 this technology will be fully developed.
Rocket Engine: The Reaction Engines Aeronautical Company, has developed an engine that will allow aircraft to fly at a speed of 6,500 kilometers per hour, so it could fly from London to Sydney in just 4 hours. Now, this engine called SABER will have to be installed in an airplane without windows so that it can withstand the pressure from the outside.
Solar battery plane: The project called Solar Impulse carried out by 2 Swiss engineers is about an airplane capable of carrying out its route powered only by solar energy that accumulates in 4 batteries. In 2013 this aircraft made a test flight with a route from San Francisco to New York and reached an approximate height of 9 km and a speed of 72 kilometers per hour. Now we are working on a larger solar version.